Habitat:South America in the upper Amazon inhabiting rivers, tributaries and standing waters
Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons
Ideal Tank Conditions:
Temperature Range: 68.0 to 82.0° F
pH Range: 5.8-8.0
Hardness Range: 2 - 15
Diet & Nutrition: Omnivores; will eat food that has settled to the bottom of the aquarium. However, supplemental foods such as bloodworms, tubifex, flake food, or sinking carnivore pellets should be offered to ensure proper nutrition.
Breeding & Spawning: Females will collect the eggs in a pelvic fin basket and deposit them individually on plants, rocks, driftwood, and other objects. Pairs have been known to produce 900 to 1,100 eggs.
Gender: Females are usually larger then the males when mature, and have thicker bellies when carrying eggs. Females may also have a more pinkish colored belly while the male's will be yellow.